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Emergency first aid for stroke patients – what to do?

A stroke is a life-changing event. Time and quick response are two essential considerations for rescuing a stroke patient. A stroke might cause loss of balance, unconsciousness or sudden loss of speech and mobility. Like a heart attack, early recognition of stroke symptoms is critical for effective management. Before one realises it, the intensity of the stroke might have increased, leading to brain damage, disability, or even death. Stroke can happen to anyone, but the risk increases with age and certain health conditions. Therefore, undergoing first aid courses in dealing with stroke should be a priority.

Recognising the signs of stroke

Identifying the signs of a stroke is the first step in providing emergency first aid for stroke patients. If you see the following indications, call for medical assistance immediately.

  • The face droops on one side, accompanied by a feeling of numbness.
  • Sudden and severe headache without any discernible cause, coupled with dizziness and lightheadedness.
  • Difficulty in walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
  • Weakness in one arm, with the inability to raise both arms.
  • Slurred speech, difficulty in speaking or understanding speech.
  • Inability to see clearly in one or both eyes.
  • Confusion, difficulty in understanding or speaking.
  • Numbness or weakness in the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side of the body.
  • If any of these signs are present, seek immediate medical help.
  • Providing first aid for stroke patients

When waiting for medical assistance to arrive, some measures can be taken to help the stroke patient. These include:

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  • Staying with the person until medical help arrives. If the person becomes unconscious, be prepared to perform CPR.
  • Putting the person in a position on their side with the head and shoulders slightly elevated to prevent choking or aspiration from vomiting.
  • Removing tight clothing such as a tie or collar which may restrict breathing or blood flow.
  • Monitoring the pulse and breathing of the person.
  • Ensuring the person does not consume anything to avoid choking or aspiration.
  • Noting down the time of symptom onset, which is important information for medical professionals.

Enroll at Safety & Health Ltd for emergency first aid courses. We are an approved supplier offering the best first-aid courses. To know more, check our website.